Language families[edit | edit source]

European (counts as one family):

  • English: Englisa (clock)
  • French: Fransesa (horloge)
  • German: Doycesa (Uhr)
  • Russian: Rusisa (часы́ “časý”)
  • Spanish: Espanisa (reloj)

Austronesian (counts as one family):

  • Indonesian: Indonesisa (jam, lonceng)
  • Filipino: Pilipinasa (orasan)


  • Mandarin: Putunhwa (時鐘 “shízhōng”, 鐘錶 “zhōngbiǎo”, 鐘 “zhōng”)
  • Japanese: Niponsa (時計 “tokei”)
  • Korean: Hangusa (시계 “sigye”)
  • Vietnamese: Vyetnamsa (đồng hồ)
  • Hindi: Hindisa (घड़ी “ghaṛī”)
  • Telugu: Telugu (గడియారం “gaḍiyāraṃ”)
  • Arabic: Arabisa (سَاعَة‎ “sāʿa”)
  • Swahili: Swahili (saa)
  • Persian: Parsisa (ساعت‎ “sâ'at”)
  • Turkish: Turkisa (saat)

Consensus[edit | edit source]

Language families:

  • Arabic, Swahili, Persian, Turkish: 4

Notes[edit | edit source]

  • The French word horloge and equivalent words in related languages, especially Romance languages, literally translate to "hour counter".
  • A Globasa derived word meaning "hour counter" or "time device" could be used instead of a new root.

Decision[edit | edit source]


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